Vegan diet can help improve management of type 2 diabetes
An NHS Behind the Headlines analysis of the study said: “Eating a healthy diet can help people with type 2 diabetes to manage their condition and avoid complications. This review of the evidence around plant-based diets supports this conclusion. However, it has too many limitations to tell us for sure that a vegan diet, specifically, is the best diet for people with diabetes.
“We don't know enough about the interventions or control groups in the individual studies included in the review, so we can't see from this review exactly what was being compared with what.
“For example, if the plant-based diets were lower in calories than the control group diets, it's not surprising people lost more weight on the plant-based diet.
“The review says that people in the intervention groups were given regular dietary advice and support by highly qualified healthcare professionals. We don't know if that's the case for people in the control groups.
“There was a mix of evidence on psychological health from only three small studies so we can't be sure that the diets had an effect. But again if they did, it's perhaps not that surprising people in the intervention groups may have felt happier if they lost more weight and were given more support to do so.
“Overall, the small total numbers of people in these studies – which likely had highly variable methods, interventions, control diets and outcome assessment – suggests that too little research has been done into plant-based diets to draw firm conclusions about their effects.
“A healthy diet includes lots of fresh vegetables, pulses, fruits and wholegrains. A plant-based diet needs to include plenty of these types of food, rather than relying on refined plant-based carbohydrates such as sugar and white flour, to be truly healthy.”
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